In anthropology there are a number of schools of thoughts or theoretical trends that play major role in the discourses and problem that are taken into account. In maintaining and guiding the research work in any discipline as well as in anthropology, even in the 21st century, these theoretical trends work as a body of helping hands from the very beginning to the end of the study.
These may include several methods or techniques, but in turn organize the whole work in any field and we cannot deny the significance of theories in discourses. Different theoretical approaches are applied in anthropology. Evolutionary theory, functionalism, neofunctionalism, structuralism, Marxism, and recently the ongoing debates on postmodernism etc. are some theoretical trends in this discipline.
These not only focus on all the aspects of human being and pertain to the developmental sequence of the discipline but also help in the explanation of knowledge and experience in general discourses. However, as a scientific discipline anthropology is equipped with different concepts, theories and methods and with the involvement of biologists, scientists and other scholars anthropological thought started to develop more full-fledgedly in the middle of the 19th century.
These became more organized and challenging in the 20th and later in the 21st century where enormous individuals are contributing to the theoretical perspectives in anthropology. This paper on current theoretical trends in anthropology focuses on different theoretical framework in a time order with a view on current theoretical trends and their importance in the discipline of anthropology today.